Muslim dating china
The traditional expression Huihui, its use now largely restricted to rural areas, would sound quaint, if not outright demeaning, to modern urban Chinese Muslims.Since almost all Muslims in China were exclusively foreign Arabs or Persians at the time, it was barely mentioned by the Chinese, unlike other religions like Zoroastrism, Mazdaism, and Nestorian Christianity which gained followings in China.The Kaifeng Jews were nicknamed "Teaou kin jiao" (挑筋教, extract sinew religion).A tablet indicated that Judaism was once known as "Yih-tsze-lo-nee-keaou" (一赐乐业教, Israelitish religion) and synagogues known as Yih-tsze lo née leen (Israelitish Temple), but this fell from use.Genghis Khan called both foreign Jews and Muslims in China Huihui when he forced them to stop halal and kosher methods of preparing food: "Among all the [subject] alien peoples only the Hui-hui say "we do not eat Mongol food". [In 1279/1280 under Qubilai] all the Muslims say: "if someone else slaughters [the animal] we do not eat".[Cinggis Qa’an replied:] "By the aid of heaven we have pacified you; you are our slaves. Because the poor people are upset by this, from now on, Musuluman [Muslim] Huihui and Zhuhu [Jewish] Huihui, no matter who kills [the animal] will eat [it] and must cease slaughtering sheep themselves, and cease the rite of circumcision." The Chinese called Muslims, Jews and Christians in ancient times by the same name, Huihui.
Huihui (回回) was the usual generic term for China's Muslims during the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
The 1916 Encyclopædia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 8 said that Chinese Muslims always called themselves Huihui or Huizi, and that neither themselves nor other people called themselves Han, and they disliked people calling them Dungan.
A French army Commandant Viscount D'Ollone wrote a report on what he saw among Hui in 1910.
He reported that due to religion, Hui were classed as a different nationality from Han as if they were one of the other minority groups.
Huizu is now the standard term for the "Hui nationality" (ethnic group), and Huimin, for "Hui people" or "a Hui person".
Jews and Muslims in China shared the same name for synagogue and mosque, which were both called Qingzhen si "Temple of Purity and Truth" from the thirteenth century.